水果拉霸多人版

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总部地址:山东济南
必看!根结线虫危害大,学会防治就不怕!
浏览: 发布日期:2019-05-23

1.1   根部症状

 

水果拉霸多人版 ZAICEGENHEXUGENSHANGXINGCHENGQIUXINGHUOYUANZHUIXING、DAXIAOBUDENGDELIUZHUANGGENJIE,YANZHONGDEWEIHAIDAOZHUGEN。GENJIECHUWEIBAISE、BIAOMIANGUANGHUA。HOUBIANWEIHESEZHIANHESE、BIAOMIANCUCAO;POUKAIGENJIE,KEJIANHENDUORUBAISEZHENTOUZHUANGXIANCHONG。YEYOUGENJIESHANGZAISHENGXIRUOXINGENDEXIANXIANG,DANHENKUAIZAIDUSHOUQINRANERDAOZHIFABING,ZUIHOUXINGCHENGCHUANZHUZHUANGHUOJIZHUAZHUANGGENJIEZHONGLIU。

 

1.2   地上部分症状

 

FABINGQINGDEZHIZHU,DISHANGBUFENYIBANWUMINGXIANZHENGZHUANG。SUIZHEBINGQINGDEJIAZHONG,GENJIEXINGCHENGSHULIANGZENGDUO,DISHANGBUFENZHIZHUZEBIAOXIANWEISHENGZHANGFAYUBULIANG、AIXIAO、HUANGHUA、 WEINIAN,SIQUEFEIZHUANG,JIEGUASHAOERXIAO,QIEDUOWEIJIXING,SHIQUSHANGPINJIAZHI。

 

JUDIAOCHA,YIPENGSHIXIGUAWEILI,GENJIEXIANCHONGBINGDAOZHIDESIMIAOLVYIBANWEI10%~30%,YANZHONGSHIHUIPENGJUESHOU。

 

水果拉霸多人版 2   

根结线虫病发生规律

 

水果拉霸多人版 GENJIEXIANCHONGYIBANZAIDIBIAODAO20 cmSHENDEGENGZUOCENGTURANGZHONGHUODONGZUIHUOYUE,YILUANHUO2LINGYOUCHONGZAIBINGCANTIHETURANGZHONGYUEDONG。ZHUYAOTONGGUORENWEIDECHUANDAI、ZHONGMIAODEDIAOYUN、FENGHEGUANGAISHUIYIJIGENGZUONONGJUDEXIEDAIDENGFANGSHICHUANBO。FANZHIHEQINRANZUISHIYIDETUWEN20~30℃、TURANGBAOHESHIDUWEI30%ZUOYOU。DANGTUWENDIYU5℃HUOGAOYU40℃,GENJIEXIANCHONGHUODONGSHAO;DANGTURANGBAOHESHIDUDIYU5%SHI,GENJIEXIANCHONGHUIYINGUOYUGANZAOTUOSHUISIWANG。GUOCAILEISHUCAILIANZUODIKUAI,YOUJIZHIHANLIANGDIHUOSHIYONGWEIJINGFUSHUYOUJIFEI,FANGZHIBUDANG,YEHUIZAOCHENGGENJIEXIANCHONGBINGFASHENGYANZHONG。

 

水果拉霸多人版 3   

绿色防控综合措施

 

3.1   无毒育苗

 

水果拉霸多人版 ①MIAOCHUANGXIAODUSHIZUDUANCHUANBODEZHONGYAOCUOSHIZHIYI。YISHIJIANGWEIBAIMU(JIAJIERLIUDAIANJIJIASUANNA)YUTURANGCHONGFENBANYUNHOU,GAISULIAOBUXUNZHENG;ERSHIJIANGTURANGFANGENGHOU,MEI1 m3MIAOCHUANGTURANGZHIJIEYONG5%AWEIJUNSUSHUIJI15 mLDUISHUIHOUSASHIXIAODU;SANSHIYUMIAOJIZHIJINGGAOWENCHULIHOUFANGKEZHONGFUSHIYONG,TONGCHANGDEFANGFASHICAIYONGZHENGQIXIAODU。

 

②WUTUYUMIAOSHIBIMIANGENJIEXIANCHONGBINGWEIHAIDEYITIAOZHONGYAOCUOSHI。WUTUYUMIAOYANGMIAOZHILIANGHAOYUTURANGYUMIAO,YOUKEQUEBAOYANGMIAOWUBINGHUA,JUYOUTOURUSHAO、JIANXIAOKUAIDEXIAOGUO。

 

3.2   选用高抗根结线虫病的蔬菜品种

 

水果拉霸多人版 XUANYONGGAOKANGGENJIEXIANCHONGBINGDESHUCAIHUOZHENMUPINZHONGSHIZUIJINGJIYOUXIAODEFANGFA。LIRUXUANYUBINGSHIYONGKANG、NAIBINGDEXIGUAZHENMU,NENGYOUXIAOKONGZHIXIGUAGENJIEXIANCHONGBINGDEFASHENGYUMANYAN。

3.3   合理轮作换茬

YINGBIMIANLIANZUO,YOUQISHIQIEGUOLEI、DOULEI、GUALEISHUCAI。GUOCAILEISHUCAIYUHEBENKEZUOWULUNZUOKANGBINGXINGGENGHAO;SHUIHANLUNZUORUXIGUA—SHUIDAOLUNZUOFANGZHIGENJIEXIANCHONGBINGXIAOGUOZUIHAO,TONGGUOYANSHUI,JUEDADUOSHUGENJIEXIANCHONGHUISIWANG。

3.4   无土栽培

水果拉霸多人版 YINGYANGYEHUOJIZHIWUTUZAIPEI,TONGCHANGXUYAOPEITAODEDIGUANSHEBEIJILIANGHAODEWUTUZAIPEIJISHU。YINGYANGYEXUGENJUSHUCAIXUFEIGUILVZHUANMENPEIZHI,GUONEIYIJINGYOUSHANGPINHUADEYINGYANGYEHEZAIPEISHEBEI。JIZHIZAIPEITONGCHANGCAIYONGCAOTAN、ZHISHI、ZHENZHUYAN、YEQIAODEHUNHEWU,BINGPEIBEIDIGUANSHEBEI。JIZHIXIAODUHOUKEZHONGFUSHIYONG,KEYICAIYONGZHENGQIHUOTURANGXIAODUJIJINXINGSHAJUNXIAODU。

3.5   农事操作

ZHUYIQINGJIETIANYUAN,SHIYONGJIAJIEDAO、PENWUSHEBEI、FANTUQIJUDENGNONGJUYAOZHUYIXIAODU,BIMIANCONGWAIMIANXIEDAIBINGCHONGJINRUPENGSHINEI,YINQIBINGCHONGHAIQINRAN。GANBINGZHIZHUJISHIBACHUBINGDUIBINGXUEHEZHOUWEITURANGXIAODU,BINGZHUSHENMAIHUOSHAOHUI。

3.6   物理防治

水果拉霸多人版 WENDU40℃YISHANGSHI,GENJIEXIANCHONGHUODONGSHAO,ZAIYUE50℃SHIXIANCHONGDEDAIXIEHUODONGJIBENTINGZHI,ZHIZHISIWANG。YINCI,YIZAIQIANSHIYONGRESHUIJIAOSATURANG,KEJIANGDITURANGZHONGDEXIANCHONGMIDU;SHENGXIASHI,JIANGXIGUANGNENGLIQIANGDEHEISEBOMOFUGAIZAICHAOSHIDETURANGSHANG,NENGSHITURANGSHENGWEN,SHASITURANGZHONGDEGENJIEXIANCHONG,TONGSHIHAIKESHASIBINGYUANJUNYUZACAOZHONGZI。

3.7   生物防治

淡紫拟青霉(有效活菌数≥1×1010 CFU/g)作为控制植物寄生线虫的一种生防真菌而被广泛研究与应用。作为预防使用,667 m2每次用1 000~2 000 g,整个生长周期每个月使用1次;发病初期治疗使用,每次667 m2用1 000~2 000 g,连续3次,每隔7天1次;直接对水稀释灌根,尽量保持1个星期土壤湿润。土壤撒施,把淡紫拟青霉菌与细土拌匀,或按照1∶25比例,添加到木糠、米糠、麦麸等农副粉料内扩充混合接种,搅拌均匀后使用。

3.8   化学防治技术

①AWEIJUNSUSHIMUQIANFANGZHIGENJIEXIANCHONGBINGCHANGYONGDEYAOJI。KEYIMEI667 m2YONG5%AWEIJUNSUSHUIJI1 L,XISHI5 000~7 000BEIPENWUHOU,YONGDINGPAHUNTU;HUOMEI667 m2YONG5%AWEIJUNSUSHUIJI1~2 LSUISHUICHONGSHIHUODIGUAN。AWEIJUNSUWEISHENGWUXINGNONGYAO,JIANGUANGRONGYIFENJIESHIXIAO,SASHIHOUYINGJISHIZHENGDIFUGAI。GAIYAOZAITURANGZHONGDECHIXIAOQIZHANG,DUIZUOWUHENANQUAN,SHIYONGHOUKEHENKUAIYIZAI, BINGQIEBUSHOUJIJIEXIANZHI。DANSHIYANFAXIAN,CONG1999NIANZHIJIN,LIANXUSHIYONGHOUGENJIEXIANCHONGKANGXINGZENGQIANGHENKUAI,XIAOGUOZHUNIANXIAJIANG。YINGYUSAIZUOLIN、JIAQIAOSUDENGSHAXIANJIHUNYONGHUOLUNYONG,YANHUANKANGXING。

 

水果拉霸多人版 ②SAIZUOLINSHIJINNIANLAIWOGUOZHONGDIANTUIGUANGDESHAXIANJI,ANJIGUATANGSUZEJUYOUYIDINGDEYOUKANGZUOYONG。ERZHEFUPEIDUIDUOZHONGZHIWUXIANCHONGJUYOUZENGXIAOZUOYONG,MEI667 m2XUESHI5%SAIZUOLIN·ANJIGUATANGSUKELIJI2~3 kg,GOUSHIYONGLIANG3~4 kg。

 

威百亩水果拉霸多人版整地后浇水,保持适宜湿度,盖好塑料膜,通过滴灌施药,每1 hm2用30%威百亩水剂35~75 kg稀释60~80倍,均匀施入土层,也可采用滴灌方式施药。用完药后,立即覆盖塑料膜4~6周,于移栽前1周揭膜敞气,整地移栽。